Single Candlestick Patterns

The lack of a significant lower wick indicates that bears were unable to push price much lower than the candle’s opening price. In a situation like this, it’s best to look for additional confluence from other indicators and candlestick developments over the next few bars. A long black line shows that sellers are in control – definitely bearish.

candlestick hammer pattern

After a decline or long black candlestick, a doji indicates that selling pressure may be diminishing and the downtrend could be nearing an end. Even though the bears are starting to lose control of the decline, further strength is required to confirm any reversal. Bullish confirmation could come from a gap up, long white candlestick or advance above the long black candlestick’s open. After a long black candlestick and doji, traders should be on the alert for a potential morning doji star. The following chart of the S&P Mid-Cap 400 SPDR ETF shows an upward sloping price channel. The lower shadow of the hammer pierced below the bottom of the upward sloping price channel.

Using Technical Analysis

Shooting star patterns emerge after a stock rises, suggesting an upper shadow. The shooting star candlestick is the complete opposite of the hammer candlestick in that it rises after opening but ends at about the same level as the trading period. The apex of a price trend is indicated by a shooting star pattern. The hanging man and hammer patterns are trend reversal patterns that consist of the same type of candlestick, which are called umbrella lines because of their shape. In other words, both the hanging man and the hammer pattern have the same shape, though the one is bearish while the other is relatively bullish.

  • Soon after, the third and final leg within this downtrend resumes leading to the hammer formation that we can see near the bottom of the price chart.
  • The relatively large lower wick within the structure can be viewed as a price rejection.
  • Lawrence has served as an expert witness in a number of high profile trials in US Federal and international courts.
  • Now that we understand the essential structure of the hammer chart pattern, what can we gauge from this particular formation?
  • Just because you see a hammer form in a downtrend doesn’t mean you automatically place a buy order!

Hammers suggest a probable surrender by sellers to create a bottom, which is accompanied by a price increase, indicating a possible price direction reversal. This occurs all at once, with the price falling after the open but regrouping to close around the open. Plots an arrow above a hammer candle or candle with big lower wick. Hammers/Lower Wick candles are best after a drop in price or near bottoms. Candlesticks still offer valuable information on the relative positions of the open, high, low and close.

Hammer Pattern In Technical Analysis

Let’s now go back to the hammer candle itself to study it’s size in relation to the average candle size within the progression of the downtrend. The inverted hammer pattern on the other hand is usually seen in the same locations as the traditional hammer formation we studied earlier. The Hammer and Hanging Man look exactly alike, but have different implications based on the preceding price action. Both have small real bodies , long lower shadows and short or non-existent upper shadows. As with most single and double candlestick formations, the Hammer and Hanging Man require confirmation before action.

The body must be on the top of the wick with a flat top and very little but preferably no upper wick. During a downtrend, the sellers are leading the race and pushing the stock prices down. After few such red-colored candles, the hammer appears which has a small body formed of open and close prices, but a very long lower wick. It indicates that the price went to pretty low value, but rebounded from there to near around the open price. This state indicates indecision that has developed amid ongoing downtrend, and hence there is a good possibility that prices may rebound to move upwards. The confirmation candle which should be green in color – that is, a bullish candle – will further support this premise, and longer this confirmation candle the better.

The hammer candlestick’s strength as a bullish reversal indicator is also increased with the length of the lower candlestick shadow. It is because a longer lower shadow is interpreted as showing a more forceful and definitive rejection of lower prices. Just like the price action trading strategies that we have looked at before, the hammer candlestick is a useful tool for traders. While the hammer candlestick pattern can be useful to traders of all instruments and timeframes, it can be unreliable as a standalone analysis tool.

The larger timeframes could provide more reliable sell-off signals, since they allow market players more time to determine the outcome of the price action. A hammer candlestick is typically found at the base of a downtrend or near support levels. Hammer candlesticks consist of a smaller real body with no upper wick and a longer lower shadow. If either of the hammer and/or the confirmation candle is accompanied by a considerably huge volume, then it bumps up the chances of price reversal. The buyers have returned to the market in full swing with high buying demand, and hence they are getting stronger and are able to push up the prices. Therefore, its time to go long – that is, buy the security, or cut the losses if holding a short position.

candlestick hammer pattern

Hammers tend to be highly effective when three or more declining candles precede them. When the completed patterns emerge, they can confirm or negate that a potential significant high or low has Futures exchange been reached, helping traders enter and exit positions accordingly. The price opens and rallies upwards, as bulls step in, but due to some reason they are unable to maintain this momentum.

It is exactly the high close that signals that the bulls have just assumed control over the price action, as they defeated the bears in an important fight near the session lows. Irrespective of the colour of the body, both examples in the photo above are hammers. Still, the left candle is considered to be stronger since the close occurs at the top of the candle, signaling strong momentum. In the example below, an inverted hammer candle is observed on the daily Natural Gas Futures chart and price begins to change trend afterwards. Ronnie – we are discussing about the 8th candle from the right.

Candlestick Continuation Signals

The pattern requires confirmation from the next candlestick closing below half-way on the body of the first. A Dark Cloud pattern encountered after an up-trend is a reversal signal, warning of “rainy days” ahead. The long white line is a sign that buyers are firmly incontrol – a bullish candlestick. The shadow is the portion of the trading range outside of the body. We often refer to a candlestick as having a tall shadow or a long tail. Enter a long position immediately following the hammer candle’s formation, assuming the above conditions have been met.

candlestick hammer pattern

Inverted hammer candles form when the open, low and close of the candle are similar in value but price reached higher values before the close of the candle. Similar to traditional hammer candles, they can occur as both green and red candles and help to identify price reversals. When a hammer candle indicates a bearish reversal, it is known as a hanging man.

What Candlesticks Don’t Tell You

Long white candlesticks indicate that the Bulls controlled the ball for most of the game. The list of symbols included on the page is updated every 10 minutes throughout the trading day. However, new stocks are not automatically added to or re-ranked on the page until the site performs its 10-minute update. To be included in a Candlestick Pattern list, the stock must have traded today, with a current price between $2 and $10,000 and with a 20-day average volume greater than 10,000.

Upper shadows represent the session high and lower shadows the session low. Candlesticks with short shadows indicate that most of the trading action was confined near the open and close. Candlesticks with long shadows show that prices extended well Fiduciary past the open and close. The small body with long lower shadow and no upper shadow qualifies the candle as a hammer. Price bounces off support and closes above the top of the hammer the next day, staging an upward breakout and forming a doji.

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Both have cute little bodies , long lower shadows, and short or absent upper shadows. It’s worth noting that the color of the hanging hammer candlestick pattern man’s real body isn’t of concern. All that matters is that the real body is relatively small compared with the lower shadow.


Depending on the formation of previous trends, hammer patterns can often actually be hanging man patterns or shooting stars. Typically, hanging man patterns come after a wave of buying and tend to be bearish indicators. Hammers can also sometimes be confused with Doji candlesticks. Doji actually indicates indecision, since it contains both upper and lower shadows.

The doji speaks of indecision and the following day, price opens lower but closes higher forming a tall white candle in the process. A day later, price gaps upward in a burst of enthusiasm but cannot hold it. Price collapses in the days that followed, returning it back to the support area where the hammer appears. The first is the relation of the closing price to the opening price.

Hammercandlesticks can be used withswing trading techniquesorday trading strategies that work. If you’ve ever played an instrument you know how practicing betters your ability. Now, the bulls may notice how inexpensive a stock has become and all the sudden it looks attractive to them. The continuation is confirmed with a green candle with a large body, indicating that bulls are back in control of the trend’s direction. The lower wick indicates that there was a large sell-off, but bulls managed to take back control and drive the price up. Keeping that in mind, after a prolonged uptrend, the sell-off may act as a warning that the bulls might soon be losing control of the market.

Bulkowski On The Hammer Candle Pattern

A gap that may exist at the opening and closing adds to the strength of the signal and bolsters the chances of price reversal. As for the confirmation candle, the bigger its body the stronger the reversal signal. A shooting star candlestick pattern suggests a negative price trend, but a hammer candlestick pattern predicts a bullish reversal.

Author: Matt Egan